Due to electronic commerce and the possibility of acquiring vehicles that are sold as VMP but that are not, the DGT warns of the importance of looking at the technical characteristics of the electric scooter, paying special attention to the speed, which cannot exceed 25 km/h and to its power.In addition, if electric scooters that apparently offer benefits superior to a VMP and do not meet the requirements of the EU regulation are put into circulation, these vehicles will be considered as not allowed to circulate on the roads subject to regulation, and their drivers will be denounced. with a sanction of 500 euros and proceed to the immobilization and deposit of the same. Within this same group are included cases of VMPs that have been manipulated to alter speed or technical characteristics.
As of September 2019, restrictions and limitations on the use of electric scooters began to apply in France, with heavy fines being imposed on those who fail to comply with them. Although the French government considers that these vehicles are “good news” for the country by not polluting and solving the mobility problems of the country’s inhabitants, it considers that their development has been uncontrolled and even anarchic, especially in Paris, for this reason they included it within the Traffic Code and thus regulated its use.
Among the main measures is the limitation to 25 kilometers per hour of the maximum speed of these devices, which will also be prohibited from circulating on the sidewalks, except in those specifically indicated by the mayor’s offices. Where they exist, they must do so on bicycle paths and, if not, on roads that have a maximum speed of 50 kilometers per hour.
The use of electric scooters and other devices (such as hoverboards or mono-wheels) will be prohibited for children under 8 years of age. Until the age of 12, children will be required to wear a helmet to drive them. The electric scooter will also be exclusively for personal use, that is, it will not be possible to carry a passenger. The use of headphones or any device that limits the driver’s ability to hear is also prohibited.
Scooters must be equipped with front and rear lights and, at night or in times of poor visibility, their users must carry some reflective element.
The new regulations also refer to a recurring problem in cities: the uncontrolled parking of these devices, which often causes them to block sidewalks or pedestrian accesses, something that will now be prohibited under penalty of a fine. These range from 35 euros for not respecting traffic rules to 135 if you drive on an unauthorized sidewalk. Driving these devices at more than the 25 km/h to which they are limited will carry a penalty of 1,500 euros.
Since January 2019, the A3 type driver’s license has been implemented in this country, which is necessary to drive electric bicycles and scooters. In this case, the minimum age of the applicant must be 15 and a half years old, the test consists of a theoretical exam of 30 questions regarding traffic laws, pedestrian rights and road safety of these electric vehicles. It is worth noting that before presenting the exam to obtain this license, it will be necessary to take a specialized course in driving schools, through the 45 existing centers in this country.
The obligations of electric scooter drivers in Israel also include always wearing a helmet and reflective vest during the hours of less light.
For failing to wear a helmet, the driver faces a $260 fine and possible confiscation of the scooter.
If you exceed the maximum permitted speed of 25 km/h, you could lose your license and this could also lead to a one-year ban on obtaining a new license. Infractions such as carrying a passenger, driving with alcohol in the blood, using a cell phone or going through a red light are also penalized.
In Germany, a new law was approved that regulates the use of electric scooters on streets and bike paths. In this way, the German Federal Council approved an ordinance on small electric vehicles that will allow the use of this equipment on city streets.
This law contemplates obligations such as taking out insurance and a speed limit of 20 km/h. Electric scooters may only be driven from 14 years of age and may not circulate on sidewalks, so they must use the street or bike lanes.
A minimum age of 12 years and allowing models with speeds below 12 km/h to use the pavements was previously considered, but this was modified according to the current regulation. The discussion about the circulation of these vehicles on the sidewalks is one of the biggest controversies that is emerging in several European countries.
With regard to taking scooters on public transport, the Association of German Transport Companies, which represents more than 600 public bus and railway companies in Germany, has recommended that electric scooters be allowed to be carried on buses and trains if they are foldable and light, in this case they would be considered as “hand objects”.
As in the rest of the countries that have regulations for this means of transport, in Germany those users who drive the scooters under the influence of alcohol and drugs will also be sanctioned, applying the same limits as the rest of the drivers (0 .5 g/l of alcohol in the blood, the same as in Spain). Exceeding the rate of 0.5 g/l of blood carries fines of up to 1,500 euros, depending on the seriousness of the offense and whether it has caused an accident. In addition, the driver’s license may also be withdrawn for three months.
According to Japanese law, electric scooters are motorized vehicles, therefore they must have license plates and turn signals, while users must wear helmets and have driver’s licenses.
REGULATIONS IN CHILE.
On November 10, 2018, the Law of Coexistence of Modes came into force, it is not a legislation that addresses the issue of the use of scooters directly, but this type of vehicle was mentioned in terms of the sanction that its users would face, making it clear that They must travel with the same conditions as cyclists in terms of safety implements.
Scooter drivers must wear a helmet and not travel on the sidewalks, they must use the bike paths and if they are not enabled, they can go down the street at a distance of 1.5 meters from cars. Failure to comply with the regulations that mention them, the user of the scooter can incur fines ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 UTM.